Washington DC Cataract Surgeon Guide: Common Causes

When you visit a Washington DC cataract surgeon, you may wonder what caused your cataracts in the first place. Cataracts develop over time, changing either the color or clarity of your vision. They can affect the way you see in one of two ways that may need the assistance of a Washington DC cataract surgeon to correct:

1. Images become blurred/unclear

Our eyes are mostly water and protein. As we age, our eyes become less flexible, and the proteins in our eye lenses harden. The lens is responsible for refracting light onto the retina and focusing up close and afar. Sometimes the lens’ protein clumps together, causing clouding , and preventing light from properly reaching our retinas. This is when we have a a cataract, and can make seeing clearly difficult or impossible.

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         “Normal” Vision                         Vision Affected by Cataracts

2. Perception of color is affected

For some adults, vision becomes more yellow/brown over time, affecting perception of color to such a degree that some individuals develop trouble reading and/or recognizing colors.

Cataracts develop for a variety of reasons, but in every case cataracts occur because of changes to the tissue that makes up your eye lenses. Causes of cataracts include:

  • Genetic disorders such as myotonic dystrophy, galactosemia, Lowe’s syndrome, or rubella
  • Birth defects from a mother contracting an infection during pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Trauma
  • Prolonged and sustained cigarette smoking and/or alcohol drinking
  • Sustained use of steroid medications

Sometimes cataracts occur because of unavoidable physical changes our eyes undergo as we age. Our Washington DC cataract Surgeon is aware of the different reasons that someone might develop a cataract, and is ready to provide meaningful solutions to help combat the vision-damaging effects of cataracts.

Cataracts develop over time, and often they begin as patients approach their 40’s and 50’s, with patients experiencing small but noticeable protein clumps. However, most people do not experience cataracts in a way that significantly impacts their vision.

Most people in the United States will experience vision clouded by cataracts in their lifetimes. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, MD estimates that more than half of all Americans will either have a cataract or will have undergone cataract surgery by age 80.

You may be experiencing cataracts right now, or you might develop them later in your life. Thankfully our Washington DC cataract surgeon can offer reliable and reasonably priced cataract-correcting surgery in Washington, DC.